BACKGROUND: Patients with severe pneumonia often develop septic shock. IgM-enriched immunoglobulins have been proposed as a potential adjuvant therapy for septic shock. While in vitro data are available on the possible mechanisms of action of IgM-enriched immunoglobulins, the results of the in vivo experimental studies are non-univocal and, overall, unconvincing. We designed this double blinded randomized controlled study to test whether IgM-enriched immunoglobulins administered as rescue treatment in a pneumonia model developing shock, could either limit lung damage and/or contain systemic inflammatory response. METHODS: Thirty-eight Sprague Dawley rats were ventilated with injurious ventilation for 30min to prime the lung. The rats were subsequently randomized to received intratracheal instillation of either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (12mg/kg) or placebo followed by 3.5h of protective mechanical ventilation. IgM-enriched immunoglobulins at 25mg/h (0.5mL/h) or saline were intravenously administered in the last hour of mechanical ventilation. During the experiment, gas exchange and hemodynamic measurements were recorded. Thereafter, the animals were sacrificed, and blood and organs were stored for cytokines measurements. RESULTS: Despite similar lung and hemodynamic findings, the administration of IgM-enriched immunoglobulins compared to placebo significantly modulates the inflammatory response by increasing IL-10 levels in the bloodstream and by decreasing TNF-α in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. Furthermore, in vitro data suggest that IgM-enriched immunoglobulins induce monocytes production of IL-10 after LPS stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: In an in vivo model of pneumonia developing shock, IgM-enriched immunoglobulins administered as rescue treatment enhance the anti-inflammatory response by increasing blood levels of IL-10 and reducing TNF-α in BAL fluid.

A double blind randomized experimental study on the use of IgM-enriched polyclonal immunoglobulins in an animal model of pneumonia developing shock

VASCHETTO, Rosanna;CLEMENTE, NAUSICAA;PAGNI, ALINE;Esposito, Teresa;LONGHINI, Federico;MERCALLI, Francesca;BOGGIO, Elena;BOLDORINI, Renzo Luciano;CHIOCCHETTI, Annalisa;DIANZANI, Umberto;
2017-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with severe pneumonia often develop septic shock. IgM-enriched immunoglobulins have been proposed as a potential adjuvant therapy for septic shock. While in vitro data are available on the possible mechanisms of action of IgM-enriched immunoglobulins, the results of the in vivo experimental studies are non-univocal and, overall, unconvincing. We designed this double blinded randomized controlled study to test whether IgM-enriched immunoglobulins administered as rescue treatment in a pneumonia model developing shock, could either limit lung damage and/or contain systemic inflammatory response. METHODS: Thirty-eight Sprague Dawley rats were ventilated with injurious ventilation for 30min to prime the lung. The rats were subsequently randomized to received intratracheal instillation of either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (12mg/kg) or placebo followed by 3.5h of protective mechanical ventilation. IgM-enriched immunoglobulins at 25mg/h (0.5mL/h) or saline were intravenously administered in the last hour of mechanical ventilation. During the experiment, gas exchange and hemodynamic measurements were recorded. Thereafter, the animals were sacrificed, and blood and organs were stored for cytokines measurements. RESULTS: Despite similar lung and hemodynamic findings, the administration of IgM-enriched immunoglobulins compared to placebo significantly modulates the inflammatory response by increasing IL-10 levels in the bloodstream and by decreasing TNF-α in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. Furthermore, in vitro data suggest that IgM-enriched immunoglobulins induce monocytes production of IL-10 after LPS stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: In an in vivo model of pneumonia developing shock, IgM-enriched immunoglobulins administered as rescue treatment enhance the anti-inflammatory response by increasing blood levels of IL-10 and reducing TNF-α in BAL fluid.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11579/89029
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