OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of biomimetic composite bone substitute composed of equine collagen I and Mg-hydroxyapatite in improving socket preservation after tooth extraction in humans. METHODS: Thirty-two patients were subjected to a single tooth extraction, performed without elevation of the full-thickness flap. In each patient, socket was grafted with the bone substitute and specimens were retrieved 2 months after surgery and processed for histological observations. The clinical outcome variables were healing index, visual analog score for pain, postsurgery complications, and patient satisfaction evaluated through a questionnaire. RESULTS: No adverse reaction or infection occurred, in which healing index averaged 5.8 (range 4-7). Pain scores were lower. The patients' questionnaire outcomes were unanimously in favor of the test treatment. At low-power magnification, it was possible to see a portion of native bone with small marrow spaces and many areas of bone remodeling. At high-power magnification, it could be observed that small newly formed trabeculae originated from the preexisting bone and bone spicules in the middle of the defect. CONCLUSION: Grafting the postextraction socket with composite bone substitute may improve the healing process by accelerating socket closure and tissue maturation. Such a product demonstrated excellent biocompatibility as no inflammatory reaction could be detected histologically and was well accepted by patients.

Socket Preservation Using a Biomimetic Nanostructured Matrix and Atraumatic Surgical Extraction Technique

MORTELLARO, Carmen
In corso di stampa

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of biomimetic composite bone substitute composed of equine collagen I and Mg-hydroxyapatite in improving socket preservation after tooth extraction in humans. METHODS: Thirty-two patients were subjected to a single tooth extraction, performed without elevation of the full-thickness flap. In each patient, socket was grafted with the bone substitute and specimens were retrieved 2 months after surgery and processed for histological observations. The clinical outcome variables were healing index, visual analog score for pain, postsurgery complications, and patient satisfaction evaluated through a questionnaire. RESULTS: No adverse reaction or infection occurred, in which healing index averaged 5.8 (range 4-7). Pain scores were lower. The patients' questionnaire outcomes were unanimously in favor of the test treatment. At low-power magnification, it was possible to see a portion of native bone with small marrow spaces and many areas of bone remodeling. At high-power magnification, it could be observed that small newly formed trabeculae originated from the preexisting bone and bone spicules in the middle of the defect. CONCLUSION: Grafting the postextraction socket with composite bone substitute may improve the healing process by accelerating socket closure and tissue maturation. Such a product demonstrated excellent biocompatibility as no inflammatory reaction could be detected histologically and was well accepted by patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11579/81759
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