Background and aimsInducible T-cell Co-Stimulator (ICOS) present on T-lymphocytes and its ligand ICOSL expressed by myeloid cells play multiple roles in regulating T-cell functions. However, recent evidence indicates that reverse signalling involving ICOSL is also important in directing the differentiation of monocyte-derived cells. In this study, we investigated the involvement of ICOS/ICOSL dyad in modulating macrophage functions during the evolution of metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis (MASH).ResultsIn animal models of MASH, ICOS was selectively up-regulated on CD8+ T-cells in parallel with an expansion of ICOSL-expressing macrophages. An increase in circulating soluble ICOSL was also evident in patients with MASH as compared to healthy individuals. ICOSL knockout (ICOSL-/-) mice receiving choline/methionine deficient (MCD) diet for 6 weeks had milder steatohepatitis than wild type mice. MASH improvement was confirmed in mice fed with cholesterol-enriched Western diet for 24 weeks in which ICOSL deficiency greatly reduced liver fibrosis along with the formation of crown-like macrophage aggregates producing the pro-fibrogenic mediators osteopontin (OPN) and galectin-3 (Gal-3). These effects associated with a selective shewing of F4-80+/CD11bhigh monocyte-derived macrophages (MoMFs) expressing the Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) to CD11blow/F4-80+ cells positive for the Kupffer cell marker C-type lectin-like type 2 receptor (CLEC-2), thus indicating an increased MoMF maturation toward monocyte-derived Kupffer cells.ConclusionsThese results suggest that CD8+ T-cells interaction with monocyte-derived macrophages through ICOS/ICOSL critically supports a specific subset of TREM2+-expressing cells contributing to the evolution of steatohepatitis. The data also point ICOS/ICOSL dyad as a possible target for therapeutic interventions in MASH.

Role of the co-stimulatory molecule inducible T-cell co-stimulator ligand (ICOSL) in the progression of experimental metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis

Provera, Alessia;Ramavath, Naresh Naik;Gadipudi, Laila Lavanya;Gigliotti, Casimiro Luca;Boggio, Elena;Vecchio, Cristina;Stoppa, Ian;Rolla, Roberta;Boldorini, Renzo;Pirisi, Mario;Smirne, Carlo;Albano, Emanuele
;
Dianzani, Umberto;Sutti, Salvatore
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background and aimsInducible T-cell Co-Stimulator (ICOS) present on T-lymphocytes and its ligand ICOSL expressed by myeloid cells play multiple roles in regulating T-cell functions. However, recent evidence indicates that reverse signalling involving ICOSL is also important in directing the differentiation of monocyte-derived cells. In this study, we investigated the involvement of ICOS/ICOSL dyad in modulating macrophage functions during the evolution of metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis (MASH).ResultsIn animal models of MASH, ICOS was selectively up-regulated on CD8+ T-cells in parallel with an expansion of ICOSL-expressing macrophages. An increase in circulating soluble ICOSL was also evident in patients with MASH as compared to healthy individuals. ICOSL knockout (ICOSL-/-) mice receiving choline/methionine deficient (MCD) diet for 6 weeks had milder steatohepatitis than wild type mice. MASH improvement was confirmed in mice fed with cholesterol-enriched Western diet for 24 weeks in which ICOSL deficiency greatly reduced liver fibrosis along with the formation of crown-like macrophage aggregates producing the pro-fibrogenic mediators osteopontin (OPN) and galectin-3 (Gal-3). These effects associated with a selective shewing of F4-80+/CD11bhigh monocyte-derived macrophages (MoMFs) expressing the Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) to CD11blow/F4-80+ cells positive for the Kupffer cell marker C-type lectin-like type 2 receptor (CLEC-2), thus indicating an increased MoMF maturation toward monocyte-derived Kupffer cells.ConclusionsThese results suggest that CD8+ T-cells interaction with monocyte-derived macrophages through ICOS/ICOSL critically supports a specific subset of TREM2+-expressing cells contributing to the evolution of steatohepatitis. The data also point ICOS/ICOSL dyad as a possible target for therapeutic interventions in MASH.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11579/168222
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