Background: Although it is clear that stroke is a time-dependent and age-associated disease, we still need more evidence regarding the efficacy and outcomes in elderly patients who were excluded from the first trials of mechanical thrombectomy. The aim of this study is to highlight patient characteristics, the timing of medical attention and therapy, successful recanalization, and functional outcomes in patients over 80 y/o who underwent mechanical thrombectomy at the Ospedale Maggiore della Carita di Novara (Hub) since endovascular stroke treatment was first started here. Methods: all 122 consecutive patients over 80 y/o at admission who underwent mechanical thrombectomy between 2017 and 2022 at our Hub center were retrospectively included in our database. A good functional outcome in these elderly patients was considered as the 90 days modified Rankin Scale (mRS) <= 3 and/or a decrease in functional status as increment mRS <= 1 in order to interpret the results for patients with intact intellect and basal mRS > 3. Successful recanalization as a score of TICI >= 2b (Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction) was analyzed as a secondary outcome. Results: Good functional outcome (mRS <= 3 and/or increment mRS <= 1) was observed in 45.90% (56/122). The rate of successful recanalization (TICI >= 2b) was 65.57% (80/122). Conclusion: Our data confirm that a good outcome in the elderly age group has a correlation with age; being younger, with a milder NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale) at the onset and with a lower pre-morbid mRS is statistically associated with a better outcome. However, age should not be a criterion to exclude older patients from mechanical thrombectomy. Decision-making should take into consideration the pre-morbid mRS and the severity of the stroke on the NIHSS scale, especially in the age group over 85 y/o.

Innovation in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients over 80 y/o-A Retrospective Monocentric Study on Mechanical Thrombectomy of Consecutive Patients: Is Age an Adequate Selection Criterion?

Coda, Carolina;Airoldi, Chiara;Carriero, Alessandro;Guzzardi, Giuseppe
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Although it is clear that stroke is a time-dependent and age-associated disease, we still need more evidence regarding the efficacy and outcomes in elderly patients who were excluded from the first trials of mechanical thrombectomy. The aim of this study is to highlight patient characteristics, the timing of medical attention and therapy, successful recanalization, and functional outcomes in patients over 80 y/o who underwent mechanical thrombectomy at the Ospedale Maggiore della Carita di Novara (Hub) since endovascular stroke treatment was first started here. Methods: all 122 consecutive patients over 80 y/o at admission who underwent mechanical thrombectomy between 2017 and 2022 at our Hub center were retrospectively included in our database. A good functional outcome in these elderly patients was considered as the 90 days modified Rankin Scale (mRS) <= 3 and/or a decrease in functional status as increment mRS <= 1 in order to interpret the results for patients with intact intellect and basal mRS > 3. Successful recanalization as a score of TICI >= 2b (Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction) was analyzed as a secondary outcome. Results: Good functional outcome (mRS <= 3 and/or increment mRS <= 1) was observed in 45.90% (56/122). The rate of successful recanalization (TICI >= 2b) was 65.57% (80/122). Conclusion: Our data confirm that a good outcome in the elderly age group has a correlation with age; being younger, with a milder NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale) at the onset and with a lower pre-morbid mRS is statistically associated with a better outcome. However, age should not be a criterion to exclude older patients from mechanical thrombectomy. Decision-making should take into consideration the pre-morbid mRS and the severity of the stroke on the NIHSS scale, especially in the age group over 85 y/o.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11579/157564
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact