Background: NETosis is a neutrophil-mediated defense mechanism during which DNA and enzymes are extruded forming a network (NETs) trapping and killing different pathogens. NETosis is reduced in both mice and humans during aging. Aims: We explored the difference in the efficacy of NETs released in elderly (>65 years) versus adults (20-50 years) subjects in inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus growth and activating the growth of keratinocytes. Methods: Neutrophil granulocytes, obtained from venous blood both in healthy elderly and adult subjects, were stimulated by LPS (0-250 μg / ml) to induce the formation of NET. NETs were quantified by SYBR Green staining and growth inhibition of S. aureus was evaluated by disk diffusion test. Furthermore, NETs (0-500 ng / ml) were added to immortalised human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) and their proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay after 24 h. Finally, the DNA size of NETs was evaluated by flow cytometry after SYBR green staining. Results: Greater production of NETs was observed in elderly subjects than in adults, but these NETs showed reduced bactericidal capacity and HaCaT cells proliferation stimulation. The activities of the NETs are related to the size of the extruded DNA threads and when NETs size was analyzed, DNA from elderly showed a higher size compared to that obtained by adults. Discussion: Unexpected results showed aging-related NETs structural modification resulting in both a lower antimicrobial activity and keratinocyte proliferation stimulation compared to NETs obtained from adults. Conclusions: The NETs DNA size observed in elderly subjects has not been previously reported andcould be part of other pathogenic mechanisms observed in aging.

Aging hampers neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) efficacy

Maurizio Sabbatini
Investigation
;
Elisa Bona
Investigation
;
Giorgia Novello
Investigation
;
Mario Migliario
Conceptualization
;
Filippo Reno'
Conceptualization
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: NETosis is a neutrophil-mediated defense mechanism during which DNA and enzymes are extruded forming a network (NETs) trapping and killing different pathogens. NETosis is reduced in both mice and humans during aging. Aims: We explored the difference in the efficacy of NETs released in elderly (>65 years) versus adults (20-50 years) subjects in inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus growth and activating the growth of keratinocytes. Methods: Neutrophil granulocytes, obtained from venous blood both in healthy elderly and adult subjects, were stimulated by LPS (0-250 μg / ml) to induce the formation of NET. NETs were quantified by SYBR Green staining and growth inhibition of S. aureus was evaluated by disk diffusion test. Furthermore, NETs (0-500 ng / ml) were added to immortalised human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) and their proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay after 24 h. Finally, the DNA size of NETs was evaluated by flow cytometry after SYBR green staining. Results: Greater production of NETs was observed in elderly subjects than in adults, but these NETs showed reduced bactericidal capacity and HaCaT cells proliferation stimulation. The activities of the NETs are related to the size of the extruded DNA threads and when NETs size was analyzed, DNA from elderly showed a higher size compared to that obtained by adults. Discussion: Unexpected results showed aging-related NETs structural modification resulting in both a lower antimicrobial activity and keratinocyte proliferation stimulation compared to NETs obtained from adults. Conclusions: The NETs DNA size observed in elderly subjects has not been previously reported andcould be part of other pathogenic mechanisms observed in aging.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11579/142218
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