: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a frequent and disabling symptom in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Axonal damage may contribute to CI development from early stages. Nevertheless, no biomarkers are at the moment available to track CI in MS patients. We aimed to explore the correlation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) axonal biomarkers, in particular: light-chain neurofilaments (NFL), Tau, and Beta-amyloid protein (Abeta) in MS patients with CI at the diagnosis. 62 newly diagnosed MS patients were enrolled, and cognition was evaluated using the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for MS (BICAMS) battery. CSF NFL, Abeta, and Tau levels were determined with commercial ELISA. Patients with CI (45.1%) did not differ for demographic, clinical, and MRI characteristics (except for lower educational level), but they displayed greater neurodegeneration, exhibiting higher mean CSF Tau protein (162.1 ± 52.96 pg/ml versus 132.2 ± 63.86 pg/ml p:0.03). No differences were observed for Abeta and NFL. The number of impaired tests and Tau were significantly correlated (r:0.32 p:0.01). Tau was higher in particular in patients with slowed information processing speed (IPS) (p:0.006) and a linear regression analysis accounting for EDSS, MRI, and MS subtype confirmed Tau as a weak predictor of IPS and cognitive impairment. In conclusion, CI has an important burden on the quality of life of MS patients and should be looked for even at diagnosis. Axonal damage biomarkers, and in particular Tau, seem to reflect cognition impairment in the early stages.

Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers and cognitive functions at multiple sclerosis diagnosis

Virgilio, Eleonora;Vecchio, Domizia;Crespi, Ilaria;Puricelli, Chiara;Barbero, Paolo;Galli, Giulia;Cantello, Roberto;Dianzani, Umberto;Comi, Cristoforo
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a frequent and disabling symptom in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Axonal damage may contribute to CI development from early stages. Nevertheless, no biomarkers are at the moment available to track CI in MS patients. We aimed to explore the correlation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) axonal biomarkers, in particular: light-chain neurofilaments (NFL), Tau, and Beta-amyloid protein (Abeta) in MS patients with CI at the diagnosis. 62 newly diagnosed MS patients were enrolled, and cognition was evaluated using the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for MS (BICAMS) battery. CSF NFL, Abeta, and Tau levels were determined with commercial ELISA. Patients with CI (45.1%) did not differ for demographic, clinical, and MRI characteristics (except for lower educational level), but they displayed greater neurodegeneration, exhibiting higher mean CSF Tau protein (162.1 ± 52.96 pg/ml versus 132.2 ± 63.86 pg/ml p:0.03). No differences were observed for Abeta and NFL. The number of impaired tests and Tau were significantly correlated (r:0.32 p:0.01). Tau was higher in particular in patients with slowed information processing speed (IPS) (p:0.006) and a linear regression analysis accounting for EDSS, MRI, and MS subtype confirmed Tau as a weak predictor of IPS and cognitive impairment. In conclusion, CI has an important burden on the quality of life of MS patients and should be looked for even at diagnosis. Axonal damage biomarkers, and in particular Tau, seem to reflect cognition impairment in the early stages.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11579/133139
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