In order to identify a suitable alternative to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) we aimed to de- velop derivatives of vortioxetine, a multimodal anti-depressive drug that has been shownpreviously to be en- dowed withanti-inflammatory activity in human monocytes/macrophages. Vortioxetine (1) was synthesized in good yield and different alkyl and aryl derivatives were prepared based on their structural diversity and easy availability. The compounds were tested on human monocytes isolated from healthy donors for theireffect on superoxide anion production and cytokine gene expression, and for COX-1/2 gene expression and activity modulation. Moreover, a docking study was performed to predict the interactions between the synthesized compounds and COX-1 and COX-2. Correlating experimental biological data to the molecular modelling studies, it emerged that among the novel compounds, 6 was endowed of antioxidant and anti-COX-1 activity, vortiox- etine and 3 were good antioxidants and mild anti-COX-1/2 inhibitors, while 7 was a good anti-COX-1/2 inhibitor and 11 was more specific versus COX-2.

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of vortioxetine derivatives as new COX-1/2 inhibitors in human monocytes.

Maria Talmon;Luigia Fresu
2020-01-01

Abstract

In order to identify a suitable alternative to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) we aimed to de- velop derivatives of vortioxetine, a multimodal anti-depressive drug that has been shownpreviously to be en- dowed withanti-inflammatory activity in human monocytes/macrophages. Vortioxetine (1) was synthesized in good yield and different alkyl and aryl derivatives were prepared based on their structural diversity and easy availability. The compounds were tested on human monocytes isolated from healthy donors for theireffect on superoxide anion production and cytokine gene expression, and for COX-1/2 gene expression and activity modulation. Moreover, a docking study was performed to predict the interactions between the synthesized compounds and COX-1 and COX-2. Correlating experimental biological data to the molecular modelling studies, it emerged that among the novel compounds, 6 was endowed of antioxidant and anti-COX-1 activity, vortiox- etine and 3 were good antioxidants and mild anti-COX-1/2 inhibitors, while 7 was a good anti-COX-1/2 inhibitor and 11 was more specific versus COX-2.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11579/118282
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