During wound healing, bacterial infections may prolong skin regeneration and tissue repair, causing delayed or incomplete healing. The therapeutic strategies currently used include general therapeutic modes, growth factors, skin substitutes, matrices and/or cell therapy. Among recent technologies, wound dressing materials comprising silver nitrate or silver sulfadiazine as the antimicrobial agent are widespread, despite their known cytotoxicity. The aim of this work was to develop and evaluate the efficacy of gelatinous injectable biomaterials composed of collagen and alginates, enriched with silver against bacterial pathogens commonly involved in wound infections. To reduce cytotoxicity, silver was used as lactate and saccharinated salts. Results show that silver-enriched beads were effective against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains in a concentration-dependent manner. Silver addition was more active against Staphylococcusepidermidis than against Pseudomonasaeruginosa. The antibacterial activity was localized only in the area of contact with the beads at concentrations lower than 0.3 mM, whereas at higher concentrations a larger inhibition halo was observed. No cytotoxic effect on eukaryotic cells was seen both testing the materials' extracts or the Ag-doped beads in contact tests. These results, although preliminary, suggest that these scaffolds are a promising approach for realizing injectable or spreadable functional biomaterials with antibacterial activity for applications in wound management.

Injectable Scaffolds Enriched with Silver to Inhibit Bacterial Invasion in Tissue Regeneration

Ceresa, Chiara
Formal Analysis
;
Fracchia, Letizia
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Marchetti, Alice
Formal Analysis
;
Rinaldi, Maurizio
Data Curation
;
Bosetti, Michela
Project Administration
2019-01-01

Abstract

During wound healing, bacterial infections may prolong skin regeneration and tissue repair, causing delayed or incomplete healing. The therapeutic strategies currently used include general therapeutic modes, growth factors, skin substitutes, matrices and/or cell therapy. Among recent technologies, wound dressing materials comprising silver nitrate or silver sulfadiazine as the antimicrobial agent are widespread, despite their known cytotoxicity. The aim of this work was to develop and evaluate the efficacy of gelatinous injectable biomaterials composed of collagen and alginates, enriched with silver against bacterial pathogens commonly involved in wound infections. To reduce cytotoxicity, silver was used as lactate and saccharinated salts. Results show that silver-enriched beads were effective against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains in a concentration-dependent manner. Silver addition was more active against Staphylococcusepidermidis than against Pseudomonasaeruginosa. The antibacterial activity was localized only in the area of contact with the beads at concentrations lower than 0.3 mM, whereas at higher concentrations a larger inhibition halo was observed. No cytotoxic effect on eukaryotic cells was seen both testing the materials' extracts or the Ag-doped beads in contact tests. These results, although preliminary, suggest that these scaffolds are a promising approach for realizing injectable or spreadable functional biomaterials with antibacterial activity for applications in wound management.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11579/103876
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